The Science of Tridoshas: Understanding one’s own constitution and nature

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Tridoshas,The science of understanding one's nature
pic: india2dubai Archive

Ayurveda is the oldest known form of healthcare in this world. Often, it’s also called the mother of healing.

Recently, Ayurveda has been found to be having a profound impact in the field of healthcare. Ayurveda being the science of self understanding, helps you understand your own unique nature or as we say, constitution, so that you begin to understand how you interact with your environment and thus make choices that will lead you to a healthier life.

Ayurveda defines disease as the end result of not living in harmony with your body constitution.

One’s body constitution is the inherent balance of their energies within their mind and body. It describes who you are on a fundamental level. Our constitution defines what we’re naturally attracted to and what repels us.

It defines what is in harmony with our nature, and what will make us move out of balance and lead to sickness.

Because we all have different levels of energy, Ayurveda shows that the path to optimal health is different for each individual, depending upon their constitution.

The science of Tridosha is the science of understanding one’s own constitution or nature. Tridosha defines the three fundamental principles which govern the functioning of our body, on physical and emotional level.

These three principles or energies are Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Every individual has a unique combination and balance of these energies. Some people will have predominance of one,while others might have a combination of two or three. Let’s look into the details of these.

Three types of Tridoshas

VATA DOSHA: Vata is said to be made of air and other elements, which means it has qualities similar to these elements. It’s like the wind-light, cool, dry and mobile. People having Vata nature tend to be light,have dry skin and hair etc.

They often move and speak quickly. When out of balance they may loose weight, get constipated and have weak immune and nervous system. These qualities also reflect in their personalities.

Those with Vata nature tend to be talkative, enthusiastic, creative, flexible and energetic. They also become easily confused; have difficulty in focusing and making decisions. In order to bring balance to vata, programs are designed which are opposite to these qualities of vata.

This is reflected in the consumption of cooked grains such as rice and cooked veggies. Pungent herbs like ginger which increase internal heat and other nourishing herbs also help to balance vata.

PITTA DOSHA: It is said to be made up of fire and water elements. Fire is more predominant; so people with predominant pitta tend to have many qualities of fire in them. Fire tends to be hot, sharp and penetrating.

It is also somewhat volatile. People with Pitta nature reflect these qualities.

They tend feel hot more often, have oily skin, penetrating eyes and sharp features. They tend to have moderate weight and good musculature. When pitta is out of balance, individuals tend to develop diarrhoea, infections, skin rashes and weakness. Pitta people tend to be highly focused, competitive, capable, courageous, energetic and clear communicators who get right to the point.

Emotionally they are challenged by more of anger, resentment and jealousy. In order to balance Pitta, programs are designed to emphasize the opposing qualities like coolness, nourishment and dryness.

Diet includes cooked rice and veggies, wheat, beans etc. They are often asked to intake more of sweet things and given bitter herbs.

KAPHA DOSHA: Here there’s predominance of water and earth elements. Like these elements, kapha tends to be cool, moist, stable and heavy.

In an individual’s body, these features manifest as dense, heavy bones, supple skin and low metabolism.

In addition, people with kapha tend to feel colder than others. When out of balance, kapha individuals tend to gain lot of weight, and have weakness in their lungs and sinuses, where there’ll be accumulation of mucous. Observing these features, kapha people tend to have quick fluctuations.

They handle stress very well, often not even noticing it exists.

Kapha people are also comfort seekers. To balance kapha, programs opposite to these qualities are suggested like; lightness, dryness, warmth etc.

In diet, lots of veggies and very little nuts and diary products are recommended. Pungent herbs are also helpful.

We must remember that we’re all a combination of these three ‘doshic’ energies. Without these energies, we simply couldn’t exist.

Optimal health is achieved through Ayurvedic medicines when we live in complete harmony with our environment. And for this, we need to first understand our own nature. Only then can we make choices which will support us on our journey towards a healthy lifestyle.

Good luck on yours!

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